Landscape design is actually an independent profession and an art and science tradition, practiced mostly by landscape architects, incorporating nature and human culture. In modern practice, landscape architecture blends the art of architecture with the practical knowledge of landscape design. It also takes into account such concerns as climate, building codes, and personal preferences. In this article, we will try to define landscape design, as well as give you some examples of how this art can be applied in the different parts of your life. Read on and I will show you some examples of landscape design that you can implement right now.
One of the most important principles of landscape design is unity. Unity refers to the unifying theme, color, form, and pattern of the landscape itself. This unifying theme is achieved by arranging the plants in a way that they form a single unit, a “unity” or a “composition”.
For example, let’s take a simple but striking scene: a water body, say a pond. The entire water body is dominated by a tall, low tree and one to two smaller trees planted on either side of the pond. In the landscape design, the tallest tree is usually placed in the center, the two lower trees are on either side of the middle tree, and the water is carefully managed between them in a flowing, ethereal fashion. In this unity, each plant, bird, worm, and grass belong in the same place and is part of the landscape design.
A more complicated example is composed of many small plants, trees, and shrubs. All elements are arranged in a way that they form a continuous structure instead of being independent, as in the previous example. This technique makes it easier to evaluate the overall landscape design about several factors, such as climate, architecture, and other individual considerations. A very important aspect of landscape design is the arrangement of plants, shrubs, and trees so that their growth is balanced with the other elements of the landscape. Balanced plants have greater aesthetic and economic value.
The term “landscape architecture” refers to the systematic arrangement of buildings and other landscape features to create an attractive site. Landscape designers play an active role in planning and designing a landscape. A landscape architect does not just sit down and think about what a landscape would look like. Rather, a landscape architect takes into account the physical factors such as sunlight, wind, and soil types, as well as the cultural aspects of the people who will be inhabiting the yard and the neighborhood in which the yard will be located.
One factor that is both complex and dynamic is the selection of plant species. A careful blend of shrubs and appropriate construction materials is necessary to create the desired effect. In the field of landscape design, shrubs are usually grouped into two broad categories: natives and non-natives. Non-natives include annuals, perennials, and bulbs.
Annuals are chosen because they can grow quickly, have great blooms, and provide color, texture, and variety in landscape design. Planting shrubs and ground cover in large numbers also tend to conserve water. These factors work together to save money by reducing the use of water and conserving it when plantings are smaller. The spaces between plantings should be wide enough to allow for the growth of most shrubs and to allow for air pockets as well.
Planting bulbs and ground cover also tends to help the designer to achieve his or her design goals. The bulbs used in landscaping tend to look larger than they actually are. The blossom can sometimes be mistaken for a bush rather than a flower. Landscape often uses specimens in landscaping to give it that special appearance and this provides a special touch and creates a sense of reality.